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BYLAWS
Chapter 1 Name and executive office
 
Chapter 1 Name and executive office
  *Article 1 The name of this organization shall be the Japanese Association of Special Education, referred to in these Bylaws as "the Association."
*Article 2 The executive office shall be set under the director of the secretariat.
 
Chapter 2 Purposes and Activities
  *Article 3 The purpose of the Association shall be working for the development and progress of scientific research in the area of special education in Japan.
*Article 4 The Association shall conduct the activities noted below for the achievement of the purpose of the Association:
1. Holding an annual convention aimed at the promotion of research in the area.
2. Publishing a journal, the Japanese Journal of Special Education. The rules and regulations for the journal are stated separately.
3. Contacting related organizations nationwide and abroad.
4. Arranging for a general assembly to be held in each calendar year for discussion and decisions regarding the business of the Association.
5. Arranging for subcommittees which have the goal of promoting research in various areas of special education.
6. Arranging any other activities necessary to achieve the purpose of the Association.
 
Chapter 3 Membership
  *Article 5

The members of the Association shall be regular members, honorary members, life members, subscribing members of the English issue, and supporting members. Regular membership shall be open to all persons who are in agreement with the purpose of the association, and who are accepted by the board of executive directors. Honorary membership may be granted to any person who has made outstanding contributions to the advancement of this Association; it shall be conferred only upon recommendation and election by the board of executive directors. Life membership shall be limited to all persons who have been regular members of the Association for a long time and who are approved as life members by the board of executive directors. Subscribing members of the English issue shall be all persons who fulfill the requirements for regular membership but live abroad and request the English issue only. Supporting membership shall be open to those persons or organizations that have made financial contributions to the Association and are approved as supporting members by the board of executive directors.
*Article 6
The members of the Association, except for the subscribing members of the English issue, shall be able to participate in the activities of the Association, and shall receive the publications of the Association free or at a preferential rate. Subscribing members shall receive the English issues free and shall be eligible to contribute articles to those issue.
 
Chapter 4 Organization and Officers
  *Article 7

The governance of the organization shall consist of the following:
1. The Board of Directors, with 30 members, one of whom shall be the President of the Association. These Directors are eligible to be members of the Executive Board of Directors. Election procedures for executive directors shall be stated in the Operating Rules (Note: The Operating Rules are not included in this website at the present time.)
2. Two members as Whips.
*Article 8

The Directors, the Executive Directors, and the Whips shall be elected by the members of the Association. The President shall be elected by the Board of Directors. The results of both elections shall be approved by the annual general assembly. The procedures for election of these administrative members shall be stated in the Detailed Regulations.
*Article 9

The President of the Board of Directors represents the Association as the President of the Japanese Association of Special Education. In the absence or disability of the President, one of the members of the Board of Executive Directors shall be nominated and elected by the Board of Executive Directors to act as President of the Association.
*Article 10

The Whips shall audit the accounting and other activities of the Association. The Whips cannot be members of the Board of Directors.
*Article 11

The officers shall serve a three-year term. They are eligible for reelection, but the limit of consecutive terms for Executive Directors shall be two. In case that a successor is not decided by the end of an individual's term, that person's term shall continue until a successor is decided. In case a vacancy occurred, the vacancy shall be filled by the proximate accessit. The term of service of the filling member shall be the remainder of the term of the person being replaced. Officers shall not receive any compensation for their services.
*Article 12

A Secretariat shall be set up to help with administration and shall consist of the following staff.
1. Director of the Secretariat: one person
2. Secretaries: a few.
3. Non-regular members of the staff: a few.
The Director of the Secretariat and the Secretaries shall be hired following nomination by and approval of the President and the Board of Executive Directors. The Secretariat staff can be paid.
 
Chapter 5 Meetings of the Board
  *Article 13

The meetings of the Association shall be the Annual General Assembly, meetings of the Board of Directors, and meetings of the Board of Executive Directors.
*Article 14

The Annual General Assembly is the highest decision-making organ of the organization, governing the operation of the Association.
*Article 15

The Board of Directors Meeting shall consist of the President of the Association and the Directors. The President shall call the meeting. The Board of Directors shall be responsible for conducting the business of the Association consistent with the policies of the Association. When a petition is supported by more than half of the Officers from the Board of Directors, the President shall call a Board of Directors Special Meeting.
*Article 16

The Board of Executive Directors shall consist of the President and the Executive Directors. The President shall call the meeting. The Board of Executive Directors shall act according to the procedures, rules, and policies established by the Board of Directors. When a petition is supported by more than half of the Officers from the Board of Executive Directors, the President shall call a Board of Executive Directors Special Meeting.
 
Chapter 6 Accounting
  *Article 17

Funds for the activities of the Association shall be raised through fees, donations, and grants.
*Article 18

The annual fee for regular members shall be 10,000 yen, subject to revision. The annual fee shall be paid every year by the end of March of the previous fiscal year. Life members and honorary members shall not pay any annual fee. The unit of donation for supporting members shall be 10,000 yen.
*Article 19

The fiscal year and administrative year for the Association shall be from April 1 to March 31.
 
Chapter 7 Other regulations
  *Article 20

In addition to these Bylaws, Detailed Regulations of the Bylaws of the Japanese Association of Special Education shall be established.
*Article 21

The Bylaws and the Detailed Regulations of the Association can be amended and changed by the Annual General Assembly.
 
 
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